Bacău (Romanian pronunciation: [bakəw], German: Barchau, Hungarian: Bákó) is the main city in Bacău County, Romania. Bacău is a very ancient town, having a history of 600 years old being situated in the eastern part of Romania, about 300 km far from Bucharest.
It spreads on a surface of 43 km², and has an estimated population of 183,500. The city is situated within the heart of the historical region of Moldavia, at the foothills of the Carpathian Mountains, and on the Bistriţa River (which meets the Siret River about 8 kilometres (5 miles) to the south of Bacău). The Ghimeş Pass links Bacău to Transylvania.
The city has access to the E85 road that links it directly to the capital of Romania, Bucharest (to the South), and the cities of Suceava and Iaşi (to the North). The European route E574 is an important access road to Transylvania and the city of Braşov. The city is also located at the intersection of several national roads of a secondary importance.
There is a public university in Bacau, called “Vasile Alecsandri” University, and a private one, “George Bacovia University”, and several high-schools and colleges. Two major Romanian poets, George Bacovia and Vasile Alecsandri were born here. There also exists in Bacau the memorial house of a famous Symbolist poet George Bacovia, hosting a collection comprising about 400 hundred objects like manuscripts, original editions of his poem volumes, photographs, furniture. The "Mihail Jora" Athenaeum and a Philharmonic Orchestra are also located here, as well as the "George Bacovia" Dramatic Theater hosted in one of the few remaining historical buildings in Bacau, http://www.teatrulbacovia.ro/, and a Puppet Theater. Every year around Christmas, a Festival of Moldavian Winter Traditions takes place in the city, reuniting folk artists from all the surrounding regions. The exhibition "Saloanele Moldovei" and the International Painting Camp at Tescani, near Bacau, reunite important plastic artists from Romania and from abroad. The local History Museum, part of the Museum Complex "Iulian Antonescu" has an important collection of antique objects from the ancient Dacia.
The Bacău Prefecture main building is opened since 1890 (http://www.prefecturabacau.ro/).
One can continue the sightseeing tour of the city by visiting the Precista Church, a medieval church dating past in the year 1491.More information can be found at: http://www.bacau.djc.ro/ObiectiveDetalii.aspx?ID=23&lacas=true.